Category Archives: Property crime

The Washington Post on White Collar Criminals

Money Aside, What Were They Thinking? wonders DeNeen L. Brown, in the Washington Post (13 December):

You wonder whether they were just broke or thought they were a bit smarter than everybody else. Wonder if you got close enough, could you detect small stains of guilt on their white collars?

…Experts who study those who defraud, embezzle and steal from the government say they are no different from other criminals. They swim just as easily in rancid waters.

“This is how their minds work,” says Terrance Lichtenwald, a clinical psychologist in Illinois who has written profiles of white-collar criminals for clinical studies and forensic journals. “They are going to be nice to you. The face they present to you will be very charming.”

New issue: British Journal of Criminology 47(5)

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British Journal of Criminology 47(5) , September 2007 is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Calamity or Catalyst: Futures for Community in Twenty-First-Century Crime Prevention – WG Carson
  • Police Relations with Arabs and Jews in Israel – Badi Hasisi and Ronald Weitzer
  • To Serve and Protect?: The Experiences of Policing in the Community of Young People from Black and Other Ethnic Minority Groups – Douglas Sharp and Susie Atherton
  • Regulating Prostitution: Social Inclusion, Responsibilization and the Politics of Prostitution Reform – Jane Scoular and Maggie O’Neill
  • Risk, Politics and the ‘Scientification’ of Political Judgement: Prisoner Release and Conflict Transformation in Northern Ireland – Clare D. Dwyer
  • Risk and Human Rights in UK Prison Governance – Therese Murphy and Noel Whitty
  • Crime by Proxy: Coercion and Altruism in Adolescent Shoplifting – Janne Kivivuori

Latest issue of the RCMP Gazette now online

mountieThe latest issue of the RCMP’s Gazette (volume 69, issue 2) is online, featuring several stories on crimes against children, both offline and on the internet.

Particular articles that caught my eye include an account of the psychological support given to officers involved in online paedophile investigations at the Surete de Quebec, an article by Martine Powell on questioning child victims and witnesses, and a great article on research gaps in this area from Roberta Sinclair, Ethel Quayle, Merlyn Horton and Tink Palmer. One area where more research is needed is, they argue, in:

our understanding of offenders who employ Internet-based techniques to engage in adult-child sexual exploitation. The following questions should be addressed:

* What are the characteristics of offenders who sexually exploit children solely through the Internet?
* How do Internet offenders differ from contact offenders?
* Do chat sites, bulletin boards and websites that support adult-child sexual interest encourage and legitimize pro-abuse ideologies?
* Do these sites increase the risk of contact offending?

The research in this area is growing, but much of our knowledge is still based on incarcerated sexual offenders. Examining Internet offenders may expose the differences between this group and sexual offenders who do not use the Internet to abuse children.

Also in this issue, articles on cross-border operations against organised crime; digital evidence in the courtroom; mental illness and the role of the police; occupational stressors and ‘noble cause’ corruption; the CSI effect and the Canadian jury; trends in art crime; and resilience at the RCMP. Access it all for free via this link.

Photo credit: miss_rogue, Creative Commons License

New issue: British Journal of Criminology 47(4)

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British Journal of Criminology 47(4) , July 2007, is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • ‘Violence’, Safety Crimes and Criminology – Steve Tombs
  • A Zone of Ambiguity: The Political Economy of Cigarette Bootlegging – Rob Hornsby and Dick Hobbs
  • Killing Gay Men, 1976-2001 – Peter Bartlett
  • The Pros and Cons of Life Without Parole – Catherine Appleton and Bent Grover
  • Towards an Archaeological-Realist Foucauldian Analytics of Government – Jon Frauley
  • The Policing of Young Offenders – Ian Waters
  • Family-Based Justice in the Sentencing of Domestic Violence – Ronit Dinovitzer and Myrna Dawson
  • Evaluating Domestic Violence Initiatives – Alpa Parmar and Alice Sampson

Research reports round-up

ex libris gul law reports collectionRecently published reports relating to criminal justice:

Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide for Probation and Parole (National Institute of Corrections) provides correctional professionals with the basic principles of motivational interviewing and a practical guide for applying these principles in everyday dealings with offenders (pdf).

Building An Offender Reentry Program: A Guide for Law Enforcement (International Association of Police Chiefs) offers guidance for law enforcement participation in offender reentry efforts (pdf).

Giving Up Crime: Directions For Policy (Beth Weaver and Fergus McNeill, published by Scottish Consortium on Crime and Criminal Justice), sets out what is known about how offenders give up crime (press release; pdf).

The Use of the Community Order and the Suspended Sentence Order for Young Adult Offenders (Stephen Stanley, published by King’s College London Centre for Crime and Justice Studies): discusses the way in which Community Orders and Suspended Sentence Orders are being used for young adults and their impact (pdf).

Law-abiding majority? The everyday crimes of the middle classes (Susanne Karstedt and Stephen Farrall, published by King’s College London Centre for Crime and Justice Studies) presents research showing that nearly two-thirds of consumers regularly commit a range of offences against business, government and their employers and argues that anti-social behaviour by the few is mirrored by anti-civil behaviour by the many (pdf).

Debating Youth Justice: From Punishment to Problem Solving? (Crime and Society Foundation, UK): Reforming youth justice was one of New Labour’s top priorities but while some improvements have been made, a fundamental shift is needed in the way we respond to young people in conflict with the law (pdf).

Photo credit: ex_libris_gul, Creative Commons License

Quick links

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Quick links from around the web and blogosphere:

Mind Hacks (12 July) discusses recent commentary by Bruce Schneier on why terrorism fails, who in turn is commenting on a paper [pdf] by Max Abrahms (abstract over at the Terrorism Blog)

Also thanks to Mind Hacks, a pointer to an article in the Journal of Forensic Sciences outlining the case histories of two serial killers, which, the authors say “illustrate the wide spectrum of variations in the backgrounds, demographics, motivations, and actions witnessed among serial murderers, and highlight the limitations and dangers of profiling based on generalities”.

Wray Herbert on the Association of Psychological Science blog We’re Only Human (10 July) explores the links between alcohol and aggression, the subject of an article in the latest issue of Psychological Science. Herbert concludes:

It appears that alcohol has the potential to both increase and decrease aggression, depending on where’s one’s attention is focused.

The Situationist (10 July) discuss what happens When Thieves See Situation: apparently con artists are exploiting information collected via the market research of major corporations, using it to target elderly victims:

Publicly held companies… compile and sell lists of consumers. Con artists purchase the lists from the companies’ websites, then pose as telemarketers in order to obtain senior citizens’ bank account numbers. Finally, the thieves use unsigned checks to steal money from the accounts.

What caused the drop in crime in the late 1990s? Stephen Levitt on the Freakonomics Blog, Johan Lehrer at The Frontal Cortex, and Steve Sailer on iSteve evaluate a theory put forward by Rick Nevin, an economist, as described in a recent Washington Post article (8 July):

The theory offered … is that lead poisoning accounts for much of the variation in violent crime in the United States. It offers a unifying new neurochemical theory for fluctuations in the crime rate, and it is based on studies linking children’s exposure to lead with violent behavior later in their lives.

Providentia (15 July) ponders the phenomenon of copycat suicides in When Dying Becomes Fashionable.

Carnival Against Sexual Violence 27 (15 July) is up over at Abyss2Hope

Update on a previous story: Anne Reed at the Deliberations jury blog carefully takes apart Bruce Spencer’s “juries get it wrong” study (pdf) to examine whether the conclusions are warranted, and lawyer Mark Bennett adds some further explanation.

Photo credit: bigeoino, Creative Commons License

New issue: Psychology, Crime & Law, 13(3)

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Psychology, Crime & Law, 13(3), June 2007 , is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Sign up for personalised ToC alerts here.

Contents include:

  • The education of jury members: Influences on the determinations of child witnesses – Crissa Sumner-Armstrong; Peter A. Newcombe
  • Vehicle-related crime and the gender gap – Claire Corbett
  • The features of a good offender treatment programme manual: A Delphi survey of experts – Anna McCulloch; Mary McMurran
  • The relationships between alcohol-aggression proneness, general alcohol expectancies, hazardous drinking, and alcohol-related violence in adult male prisoners – Mary McMurran
  • Stereotyping, congruence and presentation order: Interpretative biases in utilizing offender profiles – Benjamin C. Marshall; Laurence J. Alison
  • Are old witnesses always poorer witnesses? Identification accuracy, context reinstatement, own-age bias – Rachel A. Wilcock; Ray Bull; Aldert Vrij
  • Influences of accent and ethnic background on perceptions of eyewitness testimony – Lara Frumkin

Docuticker round-up

ex libris gul law reports collectionLatest criminal justice-related reports from Docuticker :

Convergences and Omissions in the Reporting of Corporate and White Collar Crime (5 June) – published by Yale Law School Student Scholarship Series, a paper that “develops a novel argument for improving reporting measures in the areas of corporate and white collar crime”. [PDF download]

Explaining the Prevalence, Context, and Consequences of Dual Arrest in Intimate Partner Cases (11 June) – published by National Institute of Justice, a report on “arrests for domestic violence in states with mandatory arrest laws and preferred arrest laws”. [PDF Download]

Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report 2007 (13 June) – published by U.S. Department of State [full report available here ]

What About Me? Coping With the Abduction of a Brother or Sister (15 June) – a publication from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, providing examples of what to expect and how to cope when a sibling is abducted, written by siblings of children who have been abducted [PDF download]

Photo credit: ex_libris_gul, Creative Commons License

New issue: Journal of Criminal Justice 35(3)

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The May/June 2007 issue of Journal of Criminal Justice 35(3) is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Job demands, job resources, and burnout among police officers – M. Martinussen, A.M. Richardsen and R.J. Burke
  • Rural jails: Problematic inmates, overcrowded cells, and cash-strapped counties – Rick Ruddell and G. Larry Mays
  • Correlates of formal and informal social/crime control in China: An exploratory study – Shanhe Jiang, Eric Lambert and Jin Wang
  • Reducing lockup crowding with expedited initial processing of minor offenders – Terry L. Baumer
  • The effect of maternal incarceration on adult offspring involvement in the criminal justice system – Beth M. Huebner and Regan Gustafson
  • Community structural predictors of spatially aggregated motor vehicle theft rates: Do they replicate? – Jeffrey A. Walsh and Ralph B. Taylor
  • Local law enforcement terrorism prevention efforts: A state level case study – William V. Pelfrey Jr.
  • Politics, culture, and political crime: Covariates of abortion clinic attacks in the United States – Joshua D. Freilich and William Alex Pridemore
  • Restorative justice practice: An examination of program completion and recidivism – Kimberly de Beus and Nancy Rodriguez

New issue: Western Criminology Review 8(1)

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Volume 8 issue 1 of the Western Criminology Review is now online via this link . Access to full text articles is free.

You can sign up for personalised table of contents alerts for this journal here.

Contents include:

  • Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: Best Evidence on ‘What Works’ for Criminal Justice Decision Makers – Anthony Petrosino and Julia Lavenberg
  • Gender Similarities and Differences in Correctional Staff Work Attitudes and Perceptions of the Work Environment – Eric G. Lambert, Eugene A. Paoline, III, Nancy L. Hogan, and David N. Baker
  • Testing the Cultural Invariance of Parenting and Self-Control as Predictors of American Indian Delinquency – Gregory D. Morris, Peter B. Wood, and R. Gregory Dunaway
  • Disorganization Precursors, the Family and Crime: A Multi-Year Analysis of Canadian Municipalities – Siu Kwong Wong
  • An Ecological Assessment of Property and Violent Crime Rates Across a Latino Urban Landscape: The Role of Social Disorganization and Institutional Anomie Theory – Jeffrey Michael Cancino, Sean Patrick Varano, Joseph A. Schafer, and Roger Enriquez