Category Archives: Bullying

New issues: Victims & Offenders 2(2) and 2(3)

journals

The latest two issues of Victims & Offenders are now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

  • Victims & Offenders 2(2), is a special issue on Early Intervention. Contents include:
  • Early Prevention of Delinquency and Later Criminal Offending: An Introduction – Brandon C. Welsh; David P. Farrington
  • Public Support for Early Intervention: Is Child Saving a “Habit of the Heart”? – Francis T. Cullen; Brenda A. Vose; Cheryl N. Lero Jonson; James D. Unnever
  • Scientific Support for Early Prevention of Delinquency and Later Offending – Brandon C. Welsh; David P. Farrington
  • Crime Prevention by the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program – Lawrence J. Schweinhart
  • Promoting Social Development and Preventing Health and Behavior Problems during the Elementary Grades: Results from the Seattle Social
  • Development Project – J. David Hawkins; Brian H. Smith; Karl G. Hill; Rick Kosterman; Richard F. Catalano; Robert D. Abbott
  • Effectiveness of Programs to Prevent School Bullying – Anna C. Baldry; David P. Farrington
  • Preventing Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership – David L. Olds

Victims & Offenders 2(3) contents include:

  • How Many Offenses are Really Committed per Juvenile Court Offender? – David P. Farrington; Darrick Jolliffe; Rolf Loeber; D. Lynn Homish
  • The Spiritual Components of Restorative Justice – Kimberly Bender; Marilyn Armour
  • Thinking about Terrorism and Its Victims – David Shichor
  • “Yardsticks” for Victim Sensitive Process: Principle-Based Standards for Gauging the Integrity of Restorative Justice Process – Gordon Bazemore; Diane L. Green

Bullying in order to win friends

childaloneThe must-read blog Corrections Sentencing was nice enough to comment that PCN was worth reading because we blogged research news from outside the US (thanks Michael!). Well, here’s another one a long way from the US. From a University of Stavanger Norway press release :

New research shows that immigrant boys in Norway bully because they want to belong to a group … While ethnic Norwegian boys often bully because they want to have power over their victims, immigrant boys bully because have a need for affiliation, says assistant professor Hildegunn Fandrem at the Center for Behavioral Research at the University of Stavanger. According to Fandrem, research into bullying has so far not been interested in the reasons different groups may have for bullying.

Photo credit: moriza, Creative Commons License

Quick links

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Quick links from around the web:

Philosophy prof Eric Schwitzgebel posts on religious conviction and crime (his previous musing on religiosity and crime is here), drawing on a 2001 meta-analysis (which he charmingly describes as “a way of doing math instead of thinking”). Cognitive Daily’s Dave Munger comes to the defence of the meta analysis here.

A University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill press release (31 July) highlights a study reporting that “confirmed incidents of child abuse and neglect among Army families increase significantly when a parent is deployed to a combat zone… Researchers compared rates while enlisted soldiers were at home and while they were deployed for combat operations between late 2001 and the end of 2004.”

Karen Franklin (of the Forensic Psychologist blog, which I’ve been enjoying recently) highlights a new Australian study that considers a prisoner’s emotional state and how that impacts on successful reintegration.

New Scientist documents the rise of cyberbullying:

A study last month by the Pew Internet & American Life Project [pdf] based in Washington DC found that one-third of US teenage internet users have been targets of cyber-bullying… Research into the causes and effects of cyber-bullying is still in its infancy. But it is becoming clear that aspects of online communication encourage people to act aggressively, prompting them to do things they wouldn’t dare to try in real life. What’s more, the ability to reach more people, and the always-on culture of the internet, means that cyber-bullying can have an even more detrimental effect on the victim than conventional playground bullying.

But the Pew Survey does conclude that “most teens say that they are more likely to be bullied offline than online”.

Angel Desai over at GNIF Brain Blogger reports on a World Health Organization gathering to progress on recommendations made in the WHO “World Report on Violence and Health”. Angel explains:

[This] landmark report highlighted the psychological impact of interpersonal violence, supporting emerging research on the long-term, medically-related consequences of violence. This on-going study acts to solidify the link between violent behavior and consequently, mental distress. One of the significant health problems emphasized during the 2007 gathering is the psychological impact of violent acts. More specifically, issues such as cognitive impairment, depression, anxiety, phobias, and psychosomatic disorders have been documented following instances of child maltreatment and “intimate partner violence.”

Finally, Carnival Against Sexual Violence 28 is up at abyss2hope. And many congrats and kudos to abyss2hope’s Marcella for her recent 24 hour blogathon in support of Stop It Now!, which works to prevent child abuse. Fantastic achievement Marcella, and a worthy cause.

Photo credit: bigeoino, Creative Commons License

New issue: Journal of Interpersonal Violence

journals

The January, February and March 2007 issues of Journal of Interpersonal Violence (volume 22, issues 1, 2 & 3) are now online. Follow the links to the Sage website for abstracts and access to full text articles. Sign up for personalised ToC alerts here .

Remember that Sage is offering FREE access to all articles until 28 February.

Read on for the Tables of Contents.

Continue reading New issue: Journal of Interpersonal Violence

New issue of Aggressive Behavior

The November 2006 issue of Aggressive Behavior 32(6) is now online. New issues of the following journals are now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles. Contents include:

  • Alcohol-aggression expectancies and dispositional aggression moderate the relationship between alcohol consumption and alcohol-related violence – Sara Smucker Barnwell, Ashley Borders, Mitch Earleywine
  • Social cognition and moral cognition in bullying: what’s wrong? – Gianluca Gini
  • Examining the relationship between low empathy and bullying – Darrick Jolliffe, David P. Farrington
  • Direct and indirect bully-victims: differential psychosocial risk factors associated with adolescents involved in bullying and victimization – Zopito A. Marini, Andrew V. Dane, Sandra L. Bosacki
  • Coping with bullying at school: children’s recommended strategies and attitudes to school-based interventions in England and Japan – Tomoyuki Kanetsuna, Peter K. Smith, Yohji Morita
  • Men’s likelihood of sexual aggression: the influence of alcohol, sexual arousal, and violent pornography – Kelly Cue Davis, Jeanette Norris, William H. George, Joel Martell, Julia R. Heiman
  • The callousness pathway to severe violent delinquency – Dustin A. Pardini
  • Real-time decision making and aggressive behavior in youth: a heuristic model of response evaluation and decision (RED) – Reid Griffith Fontaine, Kenneth A. Dodge

News round-up

Some news items from the last two weeks that caught my eye:

Prisons ripe for extremism , experts say (Los Angeles Daily News, 10 Sept):

California’s crowded prisons and jails are ripe for the recruiting of homegrown terrorists and pose a potential threat to the nation’s security, law enforcement officials and other anti-terrorism experts say. […] ‘California and New York are two states looking at this very aggressively,” said Frank Cilluffo, director of the Homeland Security Policy Institute at George Washington University and co-author of an upcoming report on the radicalization of the U.S. jail and prison systems. […] Dr. Jeff Victoroff, an expert on the psychology of terrorists and an associate professor of clinical neurology and psychiatry at the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California, said law enforcement needs to make sure that prison-based programs of Islamic education are not directed by people who support terrorism.

Salon.com (6 Sept) has a commentary on another face of domestic violence:

From the Cleveland Plain Dealer: More and more young people, girls as well as boys, are being charged with domestic violence — not against their partners, but against their parents. In Ohio’s Cuyahoga County, “the number of teens charged with domestic violence has increased by nearly 60 percent in the past decade,” reports the Plain Dealer. “As a result, more kids sit in detention for abusing a household member than for robbery, assault or drug dealing.” In fact, these kids make up 20 percent of those held in detention — even as other violent teen crime appears to be dropping.

There is continuity in behavior of bullies and victims, according to a new study (Rowan University press release, 25 Aug):

A Rowan University study has found that it’s not uncommon for elementary school bullies to continue bullying throughout their high school and college years. And the same apparently goes for people who have been targets of bullies, according to Rowan developmental psychologist Mark Chapell, lead author of the study, which has been accepted for publication by the journal Adolescence.

[…] Chapell, who conducted the first-ever study on college bullying in 2004 with a sample of 1,025 undergraduates, surveyed 119 college undergrads this time and found that of 25 who were bullied in college, 72 percent had been bullied in high school and elementary school. Conversely, of 26 bullies in college, 53.8 percent had been bullies in high school and elementary school. […] “There is a temperament and a certain aggressiveness to bullying,” said Chapell. “There are all kinds of elements that go into it. And we see a lot of bullying in the adult workplace.”

Aggressive students often lack psychological evaluations and effective treatment according to a study highlighted in Medical News Today (28 Aug):

A study in the August issue of The Journal of Pediatrics shows that students displaying violent behaviors often have untreated learning disorders and psychiatric illnesses. Dr. Nancy Rappaport, a child psychiatrist at Cambridge Health Alliance, and colleagues from Harvard University evaluated 33 students in an urban public school district who were referred by school staff due to their aggressive behavior. […The]findings reflect the need for health care professionals, caregivers, and teachers to be able to identify potentially dangerous behavior patterns in aggressive students so that proper evaluations and diagnoses can be provided and subsequent treatments be made accessible.

China’s People’s Daily (29 Aug) reports on a programme to train prison psychologists:

[…I]n 2002, the municipality’s prison bureau launched a programme to provide prison police with psychological training in order to let them provide support to inmates who might need it. […] Now, almost all of China’s more than 700 prisons have qualified psychologists on their staff. […] Psychological support is a new method of correcting inmates’ behaviour. […] Since psychological problems are often deemed responsible for many things like fights, self-injury and even suicide, therapy is also vital for security inside a prison. […]

The therapy has an impact on the police, as well. Cao Guangjian, 33, an officer for 11 years, says that since being trained his methods of communication with inmates have totally altered. “Before, I thought I was superior to them,” said Cao. But after three years of psychology training, he found he was starting to make friends with the inmates. Cao shakes their hands and invites them to sit on the sofa for therapy. “Now we are equal human beings,” he said. “I respect them and truly want to help them. As a result, it becomes easier for inmates to accept my advice and they are more willing to talk to me.”

New articles of forensic relevance in non-forensic psych journals

Sorry about the length – these have been building up a bit, but below the fold, articles on child abuse, intimate partner violence, juvenile victims and offenders, offender treatment and rehabilitation, terrorism, aggression and violence, rape, psychopathy, stalking and Tourette’s.
Continue reading New articles of forensic relevance in non-forensic psych journals

News round up, week ending 18 March 2006

Experts say brutal deaths of 3 women in Union County case fits pattern of emboldened serial killer, reports the Charlotte Observer (15 March). The first expert is Paul Friday, a UNC Charlotte criminology professor, who is reported as saying that

[…] serial killers typically have “revenge fantasies” caused by a “significant shock in their life.” He said the fantasies get more violent over time and “at some point the opportunity and the fantasy come together” and the killing occurs.

The second expert is Lawson Bernstein, an assistant professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Bernstein, a neuropsychiatrist, said the mutilation’s severity can progress because the killer “needs more mayhem to achieve psychological satisfaction.”

The New York Times (17 Mar) reports on police tactics during public demonstrations:

The reports provide a rare glimpse of internal police evaluations and strategies on security and free speech issues that have provoked sharp debate between city officials and political demonstrators since the Sept. 11 attack. The reports also made clear what the police have yet to discuss publicly: that the department uses undercover officers to infiltrate political gatherings and monitor behavior

Most-troubled kids languish in youth jails, reports the Baltimore Sun (14 March), highlighting how juvenile offenders with severe mental or emotional problems are waiting for a bed in a residential treatment program.

[…] The youths languishing the longest in jail are those most in need of help, state juvenile service officials acknowledge. Many have been traumatized from years of abuse or neglect and the kinds of life experiences that can come with growing up poor: a parent jailed or lost to drugs; a friend or sibling killed on the streets; frequent moves to stay with different relatives or foster families.

Rwandan women who survived genocide, but suffered rape and abuse, are finding some solace in a neighborhood association of survivors, reports NPR (14 March), highlighting how some of these women have been relieved to share their stories, after long keeping silent.

The Guardian (15 Mar) reports on cyberbullying of youngsters, apparently affecting more than one in 10 teenagers.

Some suggest that lessons are not being learned because inquiries into violent crimes committed by mentally ill people are often held internally, reports The Guardian (15 Mar).

Small birthweight and premature births associated with higher risk of child abuse, according to a paper in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, highlighted by the BMJ, via Science Daily (15 March).

The findings are based on almost 120,000 children born between 1983 and 2001, who had been placed on the child protection register of one county in south east England. […] The results showed that whatever the type of abuse, the lower the birthweight, the more likely it was that the child be placed on the child protection register.

Reference:

Effects of bullying worse for teens

NewScientist.com 29 October 04
http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99996600
The age at which kids first fall victim to bullying could influence how strongly they are affected, suggests a new study. And, surprisingly, it is not the youngest kids who are hurt the most in the long term. Bullying can have long-lasting effects, but particularly when it begins in adolescence, the researchers say. People subjected to either verbal or physical bullying are known to be at greater risk for developing depression, anxiety disorders or to behave violently. But not everyone reacts in this way. Children bullied for the first time before they hit puberty seem to get over it, but those who are victimised for the first time late on in puberty seem to become more aggressive or are more likely to turn to drink as a means of coping. These are the conclusions of psychologist Matthew Newman and colleagues from the University of Texas at Austin, US. […] The work was presented at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego, US.