This Article argues that commercial pressures are determining the news media’s contemporary treatment of crime and violence, and that the resulting coverage has played a major role in reshaping public opinion, and ultimately, criminal justice policy. The news media are not mirrors, simply reflecting events in society. Rather, media content is shaped by economic and marketing considerations that frequently override traditional journalistic criteria for newsworthiness. This Article explores local and national television’s treatment of crime, where the extent and style of news stories about crime are being adjusted to meet perceived viewer demand and advertising strategies, which frequently emphasize particular demographic groups with a taste for violence. Newspapers also reflect a market-driven reshaping of style and content, resulting in a continuing emphasis on crime stories as a cost-effective means to grab readers’ attention. This has all occurred despite more than a decade of sharply falling crime rates.
- Beale, Sara Sun (2006). The News Media’s Influence on Criminal Justice Policy: How Market-Driven News Promotes Punitiveness. William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 48, pp. 397-418.