Category Archives: Crime Prevention

New issue: Criminal Justice Studies 20(3)

journals

The September 2007 issue of Criminal Justice Studies 20(3) is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Who Let the Dogs Out? Drug Dogs in Court – Jennifer Ashley; Simon Billinge; Craig Hemmens
  • Female Suicide Bombers: Israeli Newspaper Reporting and the Public Construction of Social Reality – Revital Sela-Shayovitz
  • Examining Criminology Majors’ and Non-Majors’ Attitudes Toward Inmate Programs, Services, and Amenities – Christopher Hensley; Mary Koscheski; Richard Tewksbury
  • Desistance from Serious and Not So Serious Crime: A Comparison of Psychosocial Risk Factors – Elaine Gunnison; Paul Mazerolle
  • Is Vigilantism on Your Mind? An Exploratory Study of Nuance and Contradiction in Student Death Penalty Opinion – Angela M. Schadt; Matt DeLisi
  • Delinquency, Deviance, and Tolerance in a Slum in India: A Quantitative Model – M. Z. Khan; N. Prabha Unnithan; Archana Dassi
  • Minority Women in Policing in Texas: An Attitudinal Analysis – Alejandro del Carmen; Helen Taylor Greene; Denise D. Nation; Gbolahan Solomon Osho
  • Community Partners: ‘Doing Doors’ as a Community Crime Prevention Strategy – Mary Ann Farkas; Richard S. Jones

Docuticker round-up

ex libris gul law reports collectionLatest criminal justice-related reports from Docuticker

Public School Practices for Violence Prevention and Reduction: 2003–04 (National Center for Education Statistics): “This Issue Brief (1) examines principals’ reports of the prevalence of formal practices in public schools designed to prevent or reduce school violence and (2) describes the distribution of these practices by selected school characteristics.”

When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2005 Homicide Data (Violence Policy Center): “This annual report details national and state-by-state information on female homicides involving one female murder victim and one male offender.”

No Easy Answers: Sex Offender Laws in the United States (Human Rights Watch): “the first comprehensive study of US sex offender policies, their public safety impact, and the effect they have on former offenders and their families.”

Exploring the Drugs-Crime Connection within the Electronic Dance Music and Hip-Hop Nightclub Scenes (Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware / National Institute of Justice): “This report explores how the cultural ethos, behavioral norms, activities, and individual and group identities (subcultural phenomena), inherent to the electronic dance music … and the hip hop/rap nightclub scenes … impact the relationship between alcohol, drugs, and crime, with additional attention to victimization.”

Building an Offender Reentry Program: A Guide for Law Enforcement (International Association of Chiefs of Police): “In an effort to determine the state of law enforcement’s participation in offender reentry initiatives, the International Association of Chiefs of Police partnered with OJP’s Bureau of Justice Assistance to comprehensively examine law enforcement’s role in offender reentry initiatives.”

Suicide Trends Among Youths and Young Adults Aged 10–24 Years — United States, 1990–2004 (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, CDC): “The report is an analysis of annual data from the CDC?s National Vital Statistics System”

Law Enforcement for Lawabiders (Police Foundation): “Why do people comply with the law? Professor Tracey Meares of Yale University explores the power of private social control in controlling and reducing crime.”

Violent Deaths and the National Violent Death Reporting System (CDC): “The National Violent Death Reporting System collects data on violent deaths from a variety of sources. Together, these sources offer a more comprehensive picture of the circumstances surrounding a homicide or suicide.”

Upward trend in racist crimes in at least 8 EU countries (European Parliament): “The report analyses discrimination in employment, housing and education across the 27 Member States.”

Minding Moral Responsibility (Engage, via SSRN): “… one of the most enduring areas of controversy in our criminal law involves questions about mitigation and the insanity defense.”

Fatal fires: fire-associated homicide in Australia, 1990-2005 (Australian Institute of Criminology)

2007 Annual Report on Organized crime in Canada (Criminal Intelligence Service Canada)

The British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2007 (Gambling Commission UK)

Photo credit: ex_libris_gul, Creative Commons License

Seminar series from the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research

glasgowunicloistersThe Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research has announced a new Seminar Series for September-December 2007. Seminars take place at the University of Glasgow and the University of Edinburgh.

PDF flyer here, or more details on the SCCJR website.

  • 24 September – Jonathan Simon, Professor of Law, University of California, Berkeley: ‘Governing through Crime and New Labour: Policy Transfer or a Common Culture of Control?’
  • 25 September – Jonathan Simon: ‘Governing through Crime: the Culture of Fear in America’
  • 4 October – Fergus McNeill, Senior Lecturer, Glasgow School of Social Work: ‘Hysteresis, Risk and Reconfiguration’
  • 17 October – Gabriele Marranci, Lecturer in the Anthropology of Religion, University of Aberdeen: ‘Identity, Religion and Ideology among Muslim Prisoners’
  • 1 November – Susanne Karstedt, Professor of Criminology, University of Keele: ‘Law Abiding Majority? The Everyday Crimes of the Middle
    Classes’
  • 5 December – Sarah Armstrong, Senior Research Fellow, University of Glasgow: ‘Metonymy and Metaphor in Criminology’

Photo credit: Chor_Ip, Creative Commons License

Podcast round-up

MP3onredSome recent podcasts on topics relevant to psychology and crime:

Violent Crime in America (Leonard Lopate show, 28 Aug)

Many theories have been offered up to explain the crime decline of the 1990s – from tougher policing to a decline in the crack cocaine epidemic. But why in the last few years has this decrease in violent crime continued in some cities but not in others? Frank Zimring, Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley, and Dr. Andrew Karmen, Professor of Sociology at John Jay College of Criminal Justice of the City University of New York, join Leonard to predict whether the crime decline of the 1990s will continue.

Women Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia (Leonard Lopate show, 23 Aug)

Approximately 2 million women from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and other countries work as migrant domestics in Saudi Arabia. They are routinely underpaid, overworked, confined to the workplace, or subject to verbal, physical, and sexual abuse. And two Indonesian women were recently killed by their employers.

Darfuri Women’s Stories (Leonard Lopate show, 23 Aug)

Mia Farrow, actor and UN Goodwill Ambassador… just returned from another trip to Chad, where she met with Darfuri women in refugee camps… she tells us about the women that begged her to tell the rest of the world their stories, in the hopes that hearing about the horrific abuses they’ve lived through would urge the rest of the world to bring an end to the atrocities in Darfur.

Program Certifies Prisoners as Drug Counselors (NPR, 18 Aug)

Behind the stone walls and razor wire that surround California’s San Quentin State Prison, a group of prisoners is sitting quietly in the prison’s sanctuary for group drug counseling. But the man leading the discussion, Brian Smith, isn’t a psychologist or certified specialist in substance abuse. Smith is a fellow prisoner who has served 24 years of a life sentence. He’s also part of an innovative peer-counseling program at San Quentin that’s turning prisoners into certified drug and alcohol counselors.

Finally, psychologist Dr Robert Young talks with Dr Raj Persaud about a longitudinal study looking at young people who self-harm (Royal College of Psychiatrists podcast, July 07)

Photo credit: Focus_on_me, Creative Commons License

New issues: Journal of Experimental Criminology 3(2) and 3(3)

journals

The latest two issues of Journal of Experimental Criminology are now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Journal of Experimental Criminology 3(2), June 2007 is a special issue on Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research in the Netherlands. Contents include:

  • Experimental and quasi-experimental criminological research in the Netherlands – Gerben J. N. Bruinsma and David Weisburd
  • Contextual determinants of juveniles’ willingness to report crimes: A vignette experiment – Heike Goudriaan and Paul Nieuwbeerta
  • Implementing randomized experiments in criminal justice settings: An evaluation of multi-systemic therapy in the Netherlands – Jessica J. Asscher, Maja Dekovic, Peter H. van der Laan, Pier J. M. Prins and Sander van Arum
  • Bridging the gap between judges and the public? A multi-method study – Jan W. de Keijser, Peter J. van Koppen and Henk Elffers
  • Newspaper juries: A field experiment concerning the effect of information on attitudes towards the criminal justice system – Henk Elffers, Jan W. de Keijser, Peter J. van Koppen and Laurien van Haeringe
  • Fare dodging and the strong arm of the law: An experimental evaluation of two different penalty schemes for fare evasion – Catrien Bijleveld

Journal of Experimental Criminology 3(3), September 2007, contents include:

  • The effects of an experimental intensive juvenile probation program on self-reported delinquency and drug use – Jodi Lane, Susan Turner, Terry Fain, Amber Sehgal
  • An experimental study of a therapeutic boot camp: Impact on impulses, attitudes and recidivism – Doris Layton MacKenzie, David Bierie, Ojmarrh Mitchell
  • Statistical inference and meta-analysis – Richard Berk
  • Unjustified inferences about meta-analysis – Mark W. Lipsey
  • A world without meta-analysis – William R. Shadish
  • The powerful seductions alchemy – Richard Berk

New issues: Victims & Offenders 2(2) and 2(3)

journals

The latest two issues of Victims & Offenders are now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

  • Victims & Offenders 2(2), is a special issue on Early Intervention. Contents include:
  • Early Prevention of Delinquency and Later Criminal Offending: An Introduction – Brandon C. Welsh; David P. Farrington
  • Public Support for Early Intervention: Is Child Saving a “Habit of the Heart”? – Francis T. Cullen; Brenda A. Vose; Cheryl N. Lero Jonson; James D. Unnever
  • Scientific Support for Early Prevention of Delinquency and Later Offending – Brandon C. Welsh; David P. Farrington
  • Crime Prevention by the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program – Lawrence J. Schweinhart
  • Promoting Social Development and Preventing Health and Behavior Problems during the Elementary Grades: Results from the Seattle Social
  • Development Project – J. David Hawkins; Brian H. Smith; Karl G. Hill; Rick Kosterman; Richard F. Catalano; Robert D. Abbott
  • Effectiveness of Programs to Prevent School Bullying – Anna C. Baldry; David P. Farrington
  • Preventing Crime with Prenatal and Infancy Support of Parents: The Nurse-Family Partnership – David L. Olds

Victims & Offenders 2(3) contents include:

  • How Many Offenses are Really Committed per Juvenile Court Offender? – David P. Farrington; Darrick Jolliffe; Rolf Loeber; D. Lynn Homish
  • The Spiritual Components of Restorative Justice – Kimberly Bender; Marilyn Armour
  • Thinking about Terrorism and Its Victims – David Shichor
  • “Yardsticks” for Victim Sensitive Process: Principle-Based Standards for Gauging the Integrity of Restorative Justice Process – Gordon Bazemore; Diane L. Green

After Katrina: Justice in New Orleans

NOLALast week marked the two year anniversary of the devastating Hurricane Katrina. The Urban Institute has published an analysis of the impact of the hurricane on the criminal justice system in New Orleans, which can be downloaded in full (PDF) here.

From the abstract:

Using interviews with criminal justice stakeholders living and working in greater New Orleans, the authors examine the state of the criminal justice system before the storm, the impact of the storm on each branch of the system, and how those branches operate today. The final sections of the report discuss policy considerations and how lessons learned from Katrina can be applied to assist jurisdictions across the country should they be confronted with natural or man-made shocks to the systems charged with keeping residents safe.

Reference:

Photo Credit: The Voice of Eye, Creative Commons License

New issue: British Journal of Criminology 47(5)

journals

British Journal of Criminology 47(5) , September 2007 is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Calamity or Catalyst: Futures for Community in Twenty-First-Century Crime Prevention – WG Carson
  • Police Relations with Arabs and Jews in Israel – Badi Hasisi and Ronald Weitzer
  • To Serve and Protect?: The Experiences of Policing in the Community of Young People from Black and Other Ethnic Minority Groups – Douglas Sharp and Susie Atherton
  • Regulating Prostitution: Social Inclusion, Responsibilization and the Politics of Prostitution Reform – Jane Scoular and Maggie O’Neill
  • Risk, Politics and the ‘Scientification’ of Political Judgement: Prisoner Release and Conflict Transformation in Northern Ireland – Clare D. Dwyer
  • Risk and Human Rights in UK Prison Governance – Therese Murphy and Noel Whitty
  • Crime by Proxy: Coercion and Altruism in Adolescent Shoplifting – Janne Kivivuori

Quick links

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Quick links from around the web and blogosphere:

From the BPS Research Digest Blog, research that suggests jurors may be biased against fathers in child sex abuse trials: The researchers “found that with all other circumstances and evidence held equal, people are more likely to judge a father guilty than a mother. However the same gender bias wasn’t found to apply when the suspect was a stranger to the alleged victim.”

Via Schneier on Security, the San Francisco Chronicle (14 Aug) discusses the proposition that CCTV cameras in San Francisco public housing developments “have never helped police officers arrest a homicide suspect even though about a quarter of the city’s homicides occur on or near public housing property”.

Mind Hacks comments on a story in Time Magazine (8 Aug) on efforts to overcome law enforcement stereotypes and misconceptions about people with mental illness.

Providentia highlights a recent study on the ‘fear standard’ in stalking. The abstract concludes: “Requiring a woman to feel fearful before accepting her experience as an instance of stalking risks… a miscarriage of justice, an undercount of the crime, and an abandonment of women (and others) who need validation from the state and protection from stalkers”.

Grits for Breakfast has run a series of posts on ‘snitching’ recently, including: informant-related news stories, the prevalence of the ‘no snitching’ code and the crucial distinction between a ‘snitch’ and a witness.

Photo credit: bigeoino, Creative Commons License

New issue: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 44(3)

journals

Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 44(3) , August 2007 is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • The Effect of Self-Control on Unit and Item Nonresponse in an Adolescent Sample – Adam M. Watkins and Chris Melde
  • Nonresidential Crime Attractors and Generators Elevate Perceived Neighborhood Crime and Incivilities – Eric S. McCord, Jerry H. Ratcliffe, R. Marie Garcia, and Ralph B. Taylor
  • Local Life Circumstances and Offending Specialization/Versatility: Comparing Opportunity and Propensity Models – Jean Marie McGloin, Christopher J. Sullivan, Alex R. Piquero, and Travis C. Pratt