Category Archives: Homicide

Articles of forensic interest in the July issue of the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry

journals

Some articles of forensic interest in the July 2007 issue of the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 77(3) . Follow the link for access to abstracts and full text articles.

  • Posttraumatic Distress and Growth Among Wives of Prisoners of War: The Contribution of Husbands’ Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Wives’ Own Attachment – Rachel Dekel
  • Tomorrow’s Players Under Occupation: An Analysis of the Association of Political Violence With Psychological Functioning and Domestic Violence, Among Palestinian Youth – Alean Al-Krenawi, John R. Graham and Mahmud A. Sehwail
  • Do Urban Adolescents Become Desensitized to Community Violence? Data From a National Survey – Michael R. McCart, Daniel W. Smith, Benjamin E. Saunders, Dean G. Kilpatrick, Heidi Resnick and Kenneth J. Ruggiero
  • Children’s Self-Reports About Violence Exposure: An Examination of the Things I Have Seen and Heard Scale – Richard Thompson, Laura J. Proctor, Cindy Weisbart, Terri L. Lewis, Diana J. English, Jon M. Hussey and Desmond K. Runyan
  • Longitudinal Helpseeking Patterns Among Victims of Intimate Partner Violence: The Relationship Between Legal and Extralegal Services – Lauren Bennett Cattaneo, Jeffrey Stuewig, Lisa A. Goodman, Stacey Kaltman and Mary Ann Dutton
  • Adolescent Female Murderers: Characteristics and Treatment Implications – Dominique Roe-Sepowitz

New issue: Behavioral Sciences & the Law

journals

The July / August 2007 issue of Behavioral Sciences & the Law 25(4) is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • The function of punishment in the civil commitment of sexually violent predators – Kevin M. Carlsmith, John Monahan, Alison Evans
  • Constructing insanity: jurors’ prototypes, attitudes, and legal decision-making – Jennifer Eno Louden, Jennifer L Skeem
  • Facets of psychopathy, Axis II traits, and behavioral dysregulation among jail detainees – Richard Rogers, Mandy J. Jordan, Kimberly S. Harrison
  • Improving forensic tribunal decisions: the role of the clinician – Shari A. McKee, Grant T. Harris, Marnie E. Rice
  • Determining dangerousness in sexually violent predator evaluations: cognitive-experiential self-theory and juror judgments of expert testimony – Joel D. Lieberman, Daniel A. Krauss, Mariel Kyger, Maribeth Lehoux
  • An examination of behavioral consistency using individual behaviors or groups of behaviors in serial homicide – Alicia L. Bateman, C. Gabrielle Salfati
  • Can defendants with mental retardation successfully fake their performance on a test of competence to stand trial? – Caroline Everington, Heidi Notario-Smull, Mel L. Horton
  • The role of death qualification and need for cognition in venirepersons’ evaluations of expert scientific testimony in capital trials – Brooke Butler, Gary Moran
  • Plea bargaining recommendations by criminal defense attorneys: evidence strength, potential sentence, and defendant preference – Greg M. Kramer, Melinda Wolbransky, Kirk Heilbrun
  • Megan’s law and its impact on community re-entry for sex offenders – Jill S. Levenson, David A. D’Amora, Andrea L. Hern
  • Criminality and continued DUI offense: criminal typologies and recidivism among repeat offenders – Richard A. LaBrie, Rachel C. Kidman, Mark Albanese, Allyson J. Peller, Howard J. Shaffer

Docuticker round-up

ex libris gul law reports collectionLatest criminal justice-related reports from Docuticker

Public School Practices for Violence Prevention and Reduction: 2003–04 (National Center for Education Statistics): “This Issue Brief (1) examines principals’ reports of the prevalence of formal practices in public schools designed to prevent or reduce school violence and (2) describes the distribution of these practices by selected school characteristics.”

When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2005 Homicide Data (Violence Policy Center): “This annual report details national and state-by-state information on female homicides involving one female murder victim and one male offender.”

No Easy Answers: Sex Offender Laws in the United States (Human Rights Watch): “the first comprehensive study of US sex offender policies, their public safety impact, and the effect they have on former offenders and their families.”

Exploring the Drugs-Crime Connection within the Electronic Dance Music and Hip-Hop Nightclub Scenes (Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware / National Institute of Justice): “This report explores how the cultural ethos, behavioral norms, activities, and individual and group identities (subcultural phenomena), inherent to the electronic dance music … and the hip hop/rap nightclub scenes … impact the relationship between alcohol, drugs, and crime, with additional attention to victimization.”

Building an Offender Reentry Program: A Guide for Law Enforcement (International Association of Chiefs of Police): “In an effort to determine the state of law enforcement’s participation in offender reentry initiatives, the International Association of Chiefs of Police partnered with OJP’s Bureau of Justice Assistance to comprehensively examine law enforcement’s role in offender reentry initiatives.”

Suicide Trends Among Youths and Young Adults Aged 10–24 Years — United States, 1990–2004 (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, CDC): “The report is an analysis of annual data from the CDC?s National Vital Statistics System”

Law Enforcement for Lawabiders (Police Foundation): “Why do people comply with the law? Professor Tracey Meares of Yale University explores the power of private social control in controlling and reducing crime.”

Violent Deaths and the National Violent Death Reporting System (CDC): “The National Violent Death Reporting System collects data on violent deaths from a variety of sources. Together, these sources offer a more comprehensive picture of the circumstances surrounding a homicide or suicide.”

Upward trend in racist crimes in at least 8 EU countries (European Parliament): “The report analyses discrimination in employment, housing and education across the 27 Member States.”

Minding Moral Responsibility (Engage, via SSRN): “… one of the most enduring areas of controversy in our criminal law involves questions about mitigation and the insanity defense.”

Fatal fires: fire-associated homicide in Australia, 1990-2005 (Australian Institute of Criminology)

2007 Annual Report on Organized crime in Canada (Criminal Intelligence Service Canada)

The British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2007 (Gambling Commission UK)

Photo credit: ex_libris_gul, Creative Commons License

New issue: Aggression and Violent Behavior – special issue on Crime Classification and Offender Typologies

journals

The Sept-Oct 2007 issue of Aggression and Violent Behavior 12(5) is a special issue on Crime Classification and Offender Typologies.

Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • New directions in offender typology design, development, and implementation: Can we balance risk, treatment and control? – James M. Byrne and Albert R. Roberts
  • Recidivism among four types of homicide offenders: An exploratory analysis of 336 homicide offenders in New Jersey – Albert R. Roberts, Kristen M. Zgoba and Shahid M. Shahidullah
  • Can we profile sex offenders? A review of sex offender typologies – Gina Robertiello and Karen J. Terry
  • Battered women versus male batterer typologies: Same or different based on evidence-based studies? – Kimberly Bender and Albert R. Roberts
  • In search of the “Tossed Salad Man” (and others involved in prison violence): New strategies for predicting and controlling violence in prison – James Byrne and Don Hummer
  • Mental illness and violence: A brief review of research and assessment strategies – Andrew Harris and Arthur J. Lurigio
  • Examining the link between institutional and community violence: Toward a new cultural paradigm – James M. Byrne and Jacob Stowell
  • Displaced, dispossessed, or lawless? Examining the link between ethnicity, immigration, and violence – Jacob I. Stowell and Ramiro Martinez Jr.
  • Sex offenders of the elderly: Classification by motive, typology, and predictors of severity of crime – Ann Wolbert Burgess, Michael Lamport Commons, Mark E. Safarik, Ruthann Rockwell Looper and Sara Nora Ross
  • When murder is not enough: Toward a new definition of community violence – Melanie-Angela Neuilly

New issue: Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 49(2), April 2007

journals

Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 49(2) , April 2007 is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Public Confidence in Criminal Justice in Canada: A Comparative and Contextual Analysis – Julian V Roberts
  • Homicide and Medical Science: Is There a Relationship? – Martin A. Andresen
  • Le mineur sujet de droit et la justice pénale : du «meilleur intérêt» à l’aliénation – Martin Dufresne and Richard Maclure et Kathryn Campbell
  • Parental Involvement in Youth Court – Kimberly N. Varma
  • Ecological Analysis of Crime Rates and Police Discretion with Young Persons: A Replication – Jennifer L. Schulenberg

The extraordinary tale of a possible miscarriage of justice

prisonlockLast week (19 Aug) the New York Times Magazine carried an extraordinary tale of possible false confessions which is well worth checking out before it disappears into the NYT archive.

Joseph Jesse Dick Jr. is currently incarcerated in Keen Mountain Correctional Center for rape and murder. He says he is innocent. Here’s how the author, Alan Berlow, begins his tale:

Even in the upside-down world of wrongful convictions, the extravagant case of Joseph Dick and his supposed partners in crime is in a class of its own… To conclude that Joseph Dick is innocent, you must first believe that the tape-recorded confession he gave to the police was untrue and, second, that three other men who said they committed the brutal crime with Dick also falsely confessed. In addition, you must believe that Dick perjured himself when he helped convict two of those co-defendants by testifying against them at their trials for rape and murder, lied when he named five other accomplices and lied moments before a judge gave him a double life sentence when he apologized to the parents of [the victim], declaring, “I know I shouldn’t have done it; I have got no idea what went through my mind that night, and my soul.”

This is a lot to accept. But perhaps the most astonishing aspect of this case is that these may be the most logical conclusions to draw. When I met Dick… he told me he had proclaimed to investigators his innocence of any involvement in the crime for more than seven hours. … Dick told me that he finally …[confessed] “to avoid the death penalty.”

… By the time he became a witness for the state, Dick explained, he had convinced himself he was guilty. Police officers, prosecutors and even his own lawyer insisted that he had committed the crime. “They messed up my mind and made me believe something that wasn’t true,” he said.

Photo credit: Still_Burning, Creative Commons License

New issue: Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling 4(1)

journals

The January 2007 issue of Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling 4(1) has only just gone online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Crime behaviours and distance travelled in homicides and rapes – Pekka Santtila, Manne Laukkanen, Angelo Zappalà
  • From marine ecology to crime analysis: Improving the detection of serial sexual offences using a taxonomic similarity measure – Jessica Woodhams, Tim D. Grant, Andrew R. G. Price
  • Offender and crime characteristics of female serial arsonists in Japan – Taeko Wachi, Kazumi Watanabe, Kaeko Yokota, Mamoru Suzuki, Maki Hoshino, Atsushi Sato, Goro Fujita
  • National and regional reviews of investigative and forensic psychology – David Canter
  • Forensic psychology in the Czech republic – Veronika Anna Polienská

New reports: round-up of reports from the US, Canada and Australia

ex libris gul law reports collectionA selection of recently-published criminal justice-related reports from the US, Canada and Australia:

Black Victims of Violent Crime, published by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, full Report (pdf):

Presents findings about violent crime experienced by non-Hispanic blacks… Highlights include the following: Blacks were victims of an estimated 805,000 nonfatal violent crimes and of about 8,000 homicides in 2005; blacks accounted for 13% of the U.S. population in 2005, but were victims in 15% of all nonfatal violent crimes and nearly half of all homicides; during the 5-year period from 2001 to 2005, the average annual rate of nonfatal violent victimization against blacks was 29 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older. For whites the rate was 23 per 1,000, and for Hispanics, 24 per 1,000.

Comparison of Hate Crime Rates Across Protected and Unprotected Groups, published by the Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, full report(pdf):

Sexual orientation and gender identity are not currently covered by federal hate crime laws. This analysis compares victimization rates for lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals with groups already covered by hate crime laws. Results indicate that the hate crime rate against lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals is comparable to the rate of hate crimes against already protected groups.

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities 2006, published by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, full report (pdf):

Presents data from the Survey on Sexual Violence, 2006, an administrative records collection of incidents of inmate-on-inmate and staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported to correctional authorities…The report provides an in-depth analysis of substantiated incidents, including where the incidents occur, time of day, number and characteristics of victims and perpetrators, nature of the injuries, impact on the victims, and sanctions imposed on the perpetrators.

Control or Regulation of Prostitution in Canada – Implications for the Police – Royal Canadian Mounted Police research and evaluation report:

In the literature the police perspective [on health and safety of sex workers and the current legal situation in Canada] is too often based on traditional, unfounded, unproven and biased opinions of prostitutes and prostitution. This is problematic for legislators, who require objective and well documented information. This study is a first step in clarifying that relationship. It examines issues relating to legal options, their impact on prostitution and their impact on the police.

Human trafficking to Australia: a research challenge, published by the Australian Institute of Criminology, full report(pdf):

…Human trafficking presents different challenges from domestic crimes, like sexual assault, because of its often transnational nature and the potential involvement of a network of facilitators in a number of countries… This paper argues that we need to be aware of trends, internationally and in the region, to ensure we have early warning of activities that could impact on the level and type of trafficking to Australia, and to ensure we are providing the most effective responses to prevent and detect trafficking. This paper provides an overview of the challenges involved in obtaining reliable information on the trafficking process.

Homicide in Australia : 2005-06 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report, published by the Australian Institute of Criminology, full report (pdf):

This report presents information on the circumstances and characteristics of homicide in Australia in 2005-06… The report examines the factors which appear to have driven the increase, which includes increases in the number of females killed (87 females killed in 2004-05 compared with 113 females killed in the current year). Stranger homicides also increased from 19 percent in 2004-05 to 26 percent in the current year. While there are noted increases in the current year, comparisons with previous years such as 2003-04 indicate the trends are quite similar.

Photo credit: ex_libris_gul, Creative Commons License

New issue: Criminal Justice Studies 20(1)

journals

A new issue of Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society 20(1) is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Explaining Homicide Clearance: An Analysis of Chicago Homicide Data 1965-1995 – Allan Y. Jiao
  • Seeking Help from the Police: Battered Women’s Decisions and Experiences – Kim Davies; Carolyn Rebecca Block; Jacquelyn Campbell
  • Arming Probation Officers: Correlates of the Decision to Arm at the Departmental Level – Thomas Roscoe; David E. Duffee; Craig Rivera; Tony R. Smith
  • Deaths in Custody: The Utility of Data Collected from County Coroners – William V. Pelfrey Jr; Michele White Covington

New issue: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 30(3)

journals

The May/June 2007 issue of the International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 30(3) is now online.

Follow the link to the Science Direct website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Risk avoidance and missed opportunities in mental health reform: The case of Israel – Uri Aviram, Dalia Guy and Israel Sykes
  • The governance of human genetic research databases in mental health research – Jennifer Mc Fleming
  • Motives for maternal filicide: Results from a study with female forensic patients – Maya K. Krischer, Michael H. Stone, Kathrin Sevecke and Eckhard M. Steinmeyer
  • Roman concept of mental capacity to make end-of-life decisions – Danuta Mendelson
  • Accuracy of Eyewitness Identification is significantly associated with performance on a standardized test of face recognition – Charles A. Morgan III, Gary Hazlett, Madelon Baranoski, Anthony Doran, Steven Southwick and Elizabeth Loftus
  • Effects of prior knowledge and expert statement on belief in recovered memories: An international perspective – Israel Nachson, J. Don Read, Sheila M. Seelau, Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Brenda Lobb, Graham Davies, Joseph Glicksohn, Michal Lifschitz and Elizabeth Brimacombe
  • Responding to violence against women: Social science contributions to legal solutions – Sharon G. Portwood and Julia Finkel Heany
  • Legal outcomes of all suspected neonaticides in Finland 1980–2000 – Hanna Putkonen, Jutta Collander, Ghitta Weizmann-Henelius and Markku Eronen
  • A Tarasoff for Europe? A European Human Rights perspective on the duty to protect – Colin Gavaghan