Category Archives: Child abuse

Call for abstracts and conference announcement: Family Aggression: Causes & Consequences

The University of Central Lancashire is hosting a conference on Family Aggression: Causes & Consequences, organised by the International Family Aggression Society. The conference will take place on 18 and 19 March next year, in Preston (Lancs, UK).

The aim of this conference is to bring together academics, researchers, policy makers and service providers who are involved in working towards understanding, preventing and/or treating family aggression or the consequences of it. The focus of this conference is therefore broad and includes aggression between romantic partners, parent to child aggression, child to parent aggression, sibling aggression, elder aggression, and aggression to companion animals. As aggression within the family home contributes to physical and psychological injury, family breakdown, disrupted schooling and employment, antisocial behaviour and criminality, ill health and higher mortality papers on these topics are also encouraged. The multifaceted nature of family aggression highlights the need for a multidisciplinary approach and therefore papers from all disciplines are welcomed.

Keynote speakers will be Murray Straus, Richard Tremblay, David Farrington, and John Archer

The closing date for submission of abstracts is 31st October 2007.

New issues: Violence Against Women

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The August, September and October 2007 issues of Violence Against Women are now online. Follow the links to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

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Violence Against Women 13(8), August 2007

  • An Evaluation of the Coping Patterns of Rape Victims: Integration With a Schema-Based Information-Processing Model – Heather Littleton
  • Patterns of Injuries: Accident or Abuse – Terry Allen, Shannon A. Novak, and Lawrence L. Bench
  • An Integrative Feminist Model: The Evolving Feminist Perspective on Intimate Partner Violence – Beverly A. McPhail, Noel Bridget Busch, Shanti Kulkarni, and Gail Rice
  • Intimate Partner Violence, Technology, and Stalking – Cynthia Southworth, Jerry Finn, Shawndell Dawson, Cynthia Fraser, and Sarah Tucker
  • Negotiating State and NGO Politics in Bangladesh: Women Mobilize Against Acid Violence – Elora Halim Chowdhury
  • Understanding the Complexities of Feminist Perspectives on Woman Abuse: A Commentary on Donald G. Dutton’s Rethinking Domestic Violence – Walter S. DeKeseredy and Molly Dragiewicz

Violence Against Women 13(9), September 2007

  • Attitudes Toward Women and Tolerance for Sexual Harassment Among Reservists – Dawne Vogt, Tamara A. Bruce, Amy E. Street, and Jane Stafford
  • Modern-Day Comfort Women: The U.S. Military, Transnational Crime, and the Trafficking of Women – Donna M. Hughes, Katherine Y. Chon, and Derek P. Ellerman
  • Guest Editor’s Note: Modern-Day Comfort Women – Christine Hansen
  • Lifetime and Current Sexual Assault and Harassment Victimization Rates of Active-Duty United States Air Force Women – Deborah J. Bostock and James G. Daley
  • Rape Rates and Military Personnel in the United States: An Exploratory Study – Leora N. Rosen
  • Analysis and Implications of the Omission of Offenders in the DoD Care for Victims of Sexual Assault Task Force Report – Kristen Houser

Violence Against Women 13(10), October 2007

  • “Everybody Makes Choices”: Victim Advocates and the Social Construction of Battered Women’s Victimization and Agency – Jennifer L. Dunn and Melissa Powell-Williams
  • Cultural Beliefs and Service Utilization by Battered Arab Immigrant Women – Wahiba Abu-Ras
  • Domestic Violence Across Race and Ethnicity: Implications for Social Work Practice and Policy – Susan F. Grossman and Marta Lundy
  • The Effect of Child Sexual Abuse Allegations/ Investigations on the Mother/Child Relationship – Carol A. Plummer and Julie Eastin
  • Factor Structure and Validity of the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales for Spanish Women – Esther Calvete, Susana Corral, and Ana Estevez

New issue: Psychology, Crime & Law 13(5)

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The October 2007 issue of Psychology, Crime & Law 13(5) is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

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Contents include:

  • Alcohol as drug of choice; Is drug-assisted rape a misnomer? – Miranda Horvath; Jennifer Brown
  • Appropriate treatment targets or products of a demanding environment? The relationship between aggression in a forensic psychiatric hospital with aggressive behaviour preceding admission and violent recidivism – Michael Daffern; Murray Ferguson; James Ogloff; Lindsay Thomson; Kevin Howells
  • The measurement and influence of child sexual abuse supportive beliefs – Ruth Mann; Stephen Webster; Helen Wakeling; William Marshall
  • The stability and generalizability of young children’s suggestibility over a 44-month interval – Annika Melinder; Matthew Scullin; Tone Gravvold; Marianne Iversen
  • The role of cognitive distortions in paedophilic offending: Internet and contact offenders compared – Dennis Howitt; Kerry Sheldon
  • The impact of bullying and coping strategies on the psychological distress of young offenders – Susie Grennan; Jessica Woodhams
  • A psychometric study of six self-report measures for use with sexual offenders with cognitive and social functioning deficits – Fiona Williams; Helen Wakeling; Stephen Webster
  • An investigation into maladaptive personality functioning in Internet sex offenders – Sarah Laulik; Jane Allam; Lorraine Sheridan

New issue: Police Practice and Research 8(3)

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The latest issue of Police Practice and Research: An International Journal 8(3) is now online.

Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles. Sign up for personalised alerts here.

Contents include:

  • Policing, Politics, and Civil Rights: Analysis of the Policing of Protest against the 1999 Chinese President’s Visit to New Zealand – David Baker
  • Community Policing in Post-September 11 America: A Comment on the Concept of Community-Oriented Counterterrorism – Ben Brown
  • The International Civilian Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina: From Democratization to Nation-Building – Dominique Wisler
  • Defining Child Pornography: Law Enforcement Dilemmas in Investigations of Internet Child Pornography Possession – Melissa Wells; David Finkelhor; Janis Wolak; Kimberly J. Mitchell
  • To Regionalize or Not to Regionalize? A Study in the Politics of Policing in the Greater Vancouver Regional District – Dominic A. Wood

New issue: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology 18(2)

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The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology 18(2) is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • ‘Just Say No’: A preliminary evaluation of a three-stage model of integrated treatment for substance use problems in conditions of medium security – Helen Miles; Lisa Dutheil; Ian Welsby; Daniel Haider
  • Dialectical behaviour therapy as a treatment for borderline personality disorder in prisons: Three illustrative case studies – Claire Nee; Sarah Farman
  • Understanding change in a therapeutic community: An action systems approach – Lucy Neville; Sarah Miller; Katarina Fritzon
  • Older adult patients subject to restriction orders in England and Wales: A cross-sectional survey – P. C. J. O’Sullivan; L. P. Chesterman
  • ‘Getting into trouble’: A qualitative analysis of the onset of offending in the accounts of men with learning disabilities – Tom Isherwood; Mick Burns; Mark Naylor; Stephen Read
  • Risk assessment of child-victim sex offenders for extended supervision in New Zealand – Teresa Watson; James Vess
  • Applying a psychodynamic treatment model to support an adolescent sentenced for murder to confront and manage feelings of shame and remorse – Sinéad Marriott
  • Do forensic psychiatric inpatient units pose a risk to local communities? – Vicente Gradillas; Andrew Williams; Elizabeth Walsh; Tom Fahy
  • Custodial interrogation: What are the background factors associated with claims of false confession to police? – Gisli H. Gudjonsson; Jon Fridrik Sigurdsson; Bryndis Bjork Asgeirsdottir; Inga Dora Sigfusdottir

Quick links

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Quick links from around the web and blogosphere:

From the BPS Research Digest Blog, research that suggests jurors may be biased against fathers in child sex abuse trials: The researchers “found that with all other circumstances and evidence held equal, people are more likely to judge a father guilty than a mother. However the same gender bias wasn’t found to apply when the suspect was a stranger to the alleged victim.”

Via Schneier on Security, the San Francisco Chronicle (14 Aug) discusses the proposition that CCTV cameras in San Francisco public housing developments “have never helped police officers arrest a homicide suspect even though about a quarter of the city’s homicides occur on or near public housing property”.

Mind Hacks comments on a story in Time Magazine (8 Aug) on efforts to overcome law enforcement stereotypes and misconceptions about people with mental illness.

Providentia highlights a recent study on the ‘fear standard’ in stalking. The abstract concludes: “Requiring a woman to feel fearful before accepting her experience as an instance of stalking risks… a miscarriage of justice, an undercount of the crime, and an abandonment of women (and others) who need validation from the state and protection from stalkers”.

Grits for Breakfast has run a series of posts on ‘snitching’ recently, including: informant-related news stories, the prevalence of the ‘no snitching’ code and the crucial distinction between a ‘snitch’ and a witness.

Photo credit: bigeoino, Creative Commons License

New issue: Child Abuse and Neglect

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The June 2007 issue of Child Abuse and Neglect 31(6) is now online. Follow the link to the Science Direct website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Understanding and addressing the “neglect of neglect:” Digging into the molehill – Howard Dubowitz
  • Understanding and addressing the “neglect of neglect”: Why are we making a mole-hill out of a mountain? – Dominic McSherry
  • Forced suffocation of infants with baby wipes: A previously undescribed form of child abuse – Scott D. Krugman, Patrick E. Lantz, Sara Sinal, Allan R. De Jong and Kathryn Coffman
  • Hospital-based multidisciplinary teams can prevent unnecessary child abuse reports and out-of-home placements – Gregory H. Wallace, Kathi L. Makoroff, Heidi A. Malott and Robert A. Shapiro
  • Using neuropsychological profiles to classify neglected children with or without physical abuse – Pierre Nolin and Louise Ethier
  • Relationships with mothers and peers moderate the association between childhood sexual abuse and anxiety disorders – Ryan E. Adams and William M. Bukowski
  • Child and partner abuse: Self-reported prevalence and attitudes in the north of Portugal – Carla Machado, Miguel Gonçalves, Marlene Matos and Ana Rita Dias
  • Web-based training in child maltreatment for future mandated reporters – Maureen C. Kenny

Latest issue of the RCMP Gazette now online

mountieThe latest issue of the RCMP’s Gazette (volume 69, issue 2) is online, featuring several stories on crimes against children, both offline and on the internet.

Particular articles that caught my eye include an account of the psychological support given to officers involved in online paedophile investigations at the Surete de Quebec, an article by Martine Powell on questioning child victims and witnesses, and a great article on research gaps in this area from Roberta Sinclair, Ethel Quayle, Merlyn Horton and Tink Palmer. One area where more research is needed is, they argue, in:

our understanding of offenders who employ Internet-based techniques to engage in adult-child sexual exploitation. The following questions should be addressed:

* What are the characteristics of offenders who sexually exploit children solely through the Internet?
* How do Internet offenders differ from contact offenders?
* Do chat sites, bulletin boards and websites that support adult-child sexual interest encourage and legitimize pro-abuse ideologies?
* Do these sites increase the risk of contact offending?

The research in this area is growing, but much of our knowledge is still based on incarcerated sexual offenders. Examining Internet offenders may expose the differences between this group and sexual offenders who do not use the Internet to abuse children.

Also in this issue, articles on cross-border operations against organised crime; digital evidence in the courtroom; mental illness and the role of the police; occupational stressors and ‘noble cause’ corruption; the CSI effect and the Canadian jury; trends in art crime; and resilience at the RCMP. Access it all for free via this link.

Photo credit: miss_rogue, Creative Commons License

New issue: Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 30(1)

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The Jan/Feb 2007 issue of Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 30(1) is now online. Follow the link to the publisher’s website for abstracts and access to full text articles.

Contents include:

  • Police detectives’ perceptions of giving evidence in court – Mark R. Kebbell, Caitriona M.E. O’Kelly
  • What makes a good investigative interviewer of children?: A comparison of police officers’ and experts’ perceptions – Rebecca Wright, Martine B. Powell
  • Address matching bias: ignorance is not bliss – Gisela Bichler, Stefanie Balchak
  • Is neighborhood policing related to informal social control? – Brian C. Renauer
  • Policing alcohol-related incidents: a study of time and prevalence – Gavan Palk, Jeremy Davey, James Freeman
  • The structure of informal communication between police agencies – Aki Roberts, John M. Roberts Jr
  • Area policing and public perceptions in a non-urban setting: one size fits one – Authors: John P. Crank, Andrew L. Giacomazzi
  • The threat of mission distortion in police-probation partnerships – David Murphy, John L. Worrall

Discriminating fact from fiction in recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse

childshirtA press release from the Association for Psychological Science (13 June) draws attention to research by Elke Geraerts, a psych post doc from Harvard and Maastricht Universities. Geraerts and her colleagues have a paper coming out next month in Psychological Science, presenting results of research on the accuracy of ‘recovered memories’, decribed in the press release as “one of the most contentious issues in the fields of psychology and psychiatry”.

The press release explains:

A decade or so ago, a spate of high profile legal cases arose in which people were accused, and often convicted, on the basis of “recovered memories.” These memories, usually recollections of childhood abuse, arose years after the incident occurred and often during intensive psychotherapy. […]

[…] Recovered memories are inherently tricky to validate for several reasons, most notably because the people who hold them are thoroughly convinced of their authenticity. Therefore, to maneuver around this obstacle Geraerts and her colleagues attempted to corroborate the memories through outside sources.

The researchers recruited a sample of people who reported being sexually abused as children and divided them based on how they remembered the event. […] The results […] showed that, overall, spontaneously recovered memories were corroborated about as often (37% of the time) as continuous memories (45%). Thus, abuse memories that are spontaneously recovered may indeed be just as accurate as memories that have persisted since the time the incident took place. Interestingly, memories that were recovered in therapy could not be corroborated at all.

The July issue of Psychological Science isn’t online yet, but the paper is available as a pdf on Geraerts’ website – access via the link below.

Reference:

Photo credit: HarlanH, Creative Commons License