Category Archives: Crime Prevention

Recently published journal articles of forensic relevance in non-forensic journals

Individual Social-Cognitive Intervention for Aggressive Behavior in Early Adolescence: An Application of the Cognitive-Ecological Framework – Paul Boxer and Michael Butkus
Clinical Case Studies. 2005; 4(3): p. 277-294
http://ccs.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/4/3/277?ct

Enhanced Cortisol Suppression Following Dexamethasone Administration in Domestic Violence Survivors – Michael G. Griffin, Patricia A. Resick, and Rachel Yehuda
Am. J. Psychiatry. 2005; 162(6): p. 1192-1199
http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/abstract/162/6/1192?ct

Perceived Danger in Urban Public Space: The Impacts of Physical Features and Personal Factors – Anke Blobaum and Marcel Hunecke
Environment and Behavior. 2005; 37(4): p. 465-486
http://eab.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/37/4/465?ct

Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder after non-traumatic events: evidence from an open population study – SASKIA S. L. MOL, ARNOUD ARNTZ, JOB F.M. METSEMAKERS, GEERT-JAN DINANT, PAULINE A. P. VILTERS-VAN MONTFORT, and J. ANDRE KNOTTNERUS
Br. J. Psychiatry. 2005; 186(6): p. 494-499
http://bjp.rcpsych.org/cgi/content/abstract/186/6/494?ct

Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect: An Evaluation of a Home Visitation Parent Aide Program Using Recidivism Data – Jeanette Harder
Research on Social Work Practice. 2005; 15(4): p. 246-256
http://rsw.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/4/246?ct

A Comparative Analysis of Child Welfare Services through the Eyes of African American, Caucasian, and Latino Parents – Cecilia Ayon and Cheryl D. Lee
Research on Social Work Practice. 2005; 15(4): p. 257-266
http://rsw.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/15/4/257?ct

Reliability and Validity Evaluation of the Psychopathy Checklist:: Screening Version (PCL:SV) in Swedish Correctional and Forensic Psychiatric Samples – Kevin S. Douglas, Susanne Strand, Henrik Belfrage, Goran Fransson, and Sten Levander
Assessment. 2005; 12(2): p. 145-161
http://asm.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/12/2/145?ct

Validation of Acceptance of Coercive Sexual Behavior (ACSB): A Multimedia Measure of Adolescent Dating Attitudes – Andra L. Teten, Gordon C. Nagayama Hall, and Caesar Pacifici
Assessment. 2005; 12(2): p. 162-173
http://asm.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/12/2/162?ct

Utility of the Trauma Symptom Inventory’s Atypical Response Scale in Detecting Malingered Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Jon D. Elhai, Matthew J. Gray, James A. Naifeh, Jimmie J. Butcher, Joanne L. Davis, Sherry A. Falsetti, and Connie L. Best
Assessment. 2005; 12(2): p. 210-219
http://asm.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/12/2/210?ct

Dissociable Roles of Prefrontal and Anterior Cingulate Cortices in Deception
Nobuhito Abe, Maki Suzuki, Takashi Tsukiura, Etsuro Mori, Keiichiro Yamaguchi, Masatoshi Itoh, and Toshikatsu Fujii
Cereb. Cortex published 2 May 2005, 10.1093/cercor/bhi097
http://cercor.oupjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/bhi097v2?ct

CCTV ‘fails to cut crime or make people feel any safer’

The Telegraph, 25 Feb 05

The results of installing closed circuit television cameras, a technology heralded by police and the Government as a major step forward in tackling crime and disorder in town and city centres, have been disappointing because many of the schemes are “ill-conceived.” Research into schemes in 13 areas, undertaken for the Home Office by researchers from the University of Leicester, found that in only one case could CCTV be shown to have reduced crime. The authors blame the way in which the technology is used, rather than the cameras themselves, for the failings.
http://news.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/02/25/ncctv25.xml&sSheet=/news/2005/02/25/ixhome.html Full text of Home Office report: http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs05/hors292.pdf

Parental fear of crime – A discursive analysis

Journal of Sociology, Vol. 40, No. 4, 362-377 (2004)

Parental fear of crime – A discursive analysis
Marian I. Tulloch This article explores an alternative way of conceptualizing the relation between quantitative data on fear of crime derived from closed questions and subsequent elaborated responses to open-ended prompts. Parents were asked to rate their worry about their children as victims of crime. In line with previous research on ??altruistic fear of crime??, levels of worry reported by parents were generally high and a function of parental age, personal worry about victimization and perception of rising crime rates. In responding to general fear of crime questions, parents position themselves in relation to broad social issues. Subsequent analysis of the elaborations on these responses indicates more complex and contradictory positions as parents engage with discourses around competing goals of parenthood: child safety, nurturance and positive independence. It is thus concluded that closed responses to broad fear of crime questions are better understood as self positioning within a particular social and interactive context, rather than as measures of fixed underlying variables. http://jos.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/40/4/362?ct

Arch-villains pull off one last heist – stealing the limelight

The Observer, November 21, 2004
http://www.guardian.co.uk/crime/article/0,2763,1356198,00.html
Armed robber Terry Smith, once Britain’s most-wanted man after a daring escape from jail, beams with pride as he talks about his most recent job – kidnapping the ??1 million racehorse Lucky Harry from its stable in Newmarket. ‘To be honest, getting hold of the horse was the easy part: we had someone on the inside. The tricky bit was trying to get our hands on the ransom money without being caught.’ Smith had plenty of help: his specially recruited gang included a leading computer hacker, a top burglar, an extortionist, and was led by a former associate of the Kray twins. But what made the Lucky Harry job truly remarkable was that each and every step of the operation was caught on camera for a new Channel 4 show, The Heist . […] The Heist begins on Channel 4 on Tuesday, 7 December at 9pm.

Large gap between public fear and the actual rate of crime

Large gap between public fear and the actual rate of crime
The Guardian Friday October 22, 2004

Although the official figures show that the fear of crime has fallen in the past year the public still finds it hard to believe that crime overall in England and Wales has dropped sharply in recent years. The British Crime Survey results published yesterday confirm that there is still a large gap between the fear of crime and the actual crime rate whether recorded by the police or by more reliable methods. http://www.guardian.co.uk/crime/article/0,2763,1333068,00.html

Panel Finds that Scare Tactics for Violence Prevention are Harmful

National Institutes of Health Press Release,Friday, October 15, 2004
Panel Finds that Scare Tactics for Violence Prevention are Harmful
http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/oct2004/od-15.htm Programs that rely on ??scare tactics?? to prevent children and adolescents from engaging in violent behavior are not only ineffective, but may actually make the problem worse, according to an independent state-of-the-science panel convened this week by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The panel, charged with assessing the available evidence on preventing violence and other health-risking behaviors in adolescents, announced today its assessment of the current research. The panel found that group detention centers, boot camps, and other ??get tough?? programs often exacerbate problems by grouping young people with delinquent tendencies, where the more sophisticated instruct the more na??ve. Similarly, the practice of transferring juveniles to the adult judicial system can be counterproductive, resulting in greater violence among incarcerated youth. A summary of the Evidence Report on Preventing Violence and Related Health-Risking Social Behaviors in Adolescents is available at http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/epcsums/adolvisum.htm.
The archived webcast of the conference sessions will be available shortly at http://consensus.nih.gov/

Crime Reduction for Policy Makers – A one-day Master Class

Crime Reduction for Policy Makers – A one-day Master Class
Jill Dando Institute, School of Public Policy, University College London (UK)
7 October 2004, London
This one day Master Class is intended for senior civil servants and regional and local policy makers who are new or relatively new to the crime field. It is also suitable as a refresher course in crime reduction for senior police officers. The Master Class covers the development and delivery of short term reductions in crime and disorder. By the end of the class delegates will have a clear picture of crime across the UK; know some key facts from the most recent research in the field; understand the blocks to delivery and how to overcome them and have the opportunity to discuss the issues with senior colleagues and academic experts in the field.
http://www.jdi.ucl.ac.uk/teaching/short_courses/masterclass_oct04.php

Inside advice on prevention of crime

Inside advice on prevention of crime Sep 1 2004, The Western Mail
TIPS on keeping criminals at bay have been passed on from the best possible source – inside. The old, and new, inmates serving porridge at Swansea have lent some expert guidance to a new crime prevention publication. It is believed to be the first time in the UK for offenders to co-operate in this way – however unlikely it may seem. As a result – and to repay the inmates’ invaluable assistance – the booklet will be launched at Swansea Prison next Monday. The prison worked with Swansea Council’s Community Safety Unit to produce the publication for the Safer Swansea Partnership. The move is part of an initiativeaimed at improving inmates’ literary skills to help equip them for employment at the end of their sentence. http://tinyurl.com/5flvs

Police think pink to drive out the yobs

The Times, August 24, 2004

IF BACH and Beethoven do not sufficiently soothe the savage breast, try painting the town pink. After the Co-op’s efforts to deter thugs and yobs by playing classical music on outdoor speakers, police in Brownhills, West Midlands, have adopted another strategy to curb anti-social behaviour. Since hooligans have been causing misery by gathering each night at two dark green electric junction boxes in the town centre, police and the local council are to paint the boxes bright pink. The idea is that male-dominated thugs will be deterred by the effete connotations of the colour. Sergeant Barry Evans said: “We wanted to make the boxes less appealing to these gangs. What they have to ask themselves is: do they want to hang around a bright pink box?”